Note that many of the technological developments in our society have resulted from the needs of an increased and expanded population. As items such as radios and television sets were developed, it became profitable to produce them on a mass basis. Many people were able to afford such items and thus, have increasingly come to expect them as an essential part of comfortable existence. To produce consumer goods on a mass basis required the services of many people to perform relatively isolated activities at some point in the production process. Recent developments in the aircraft industry also require the large numbers of individuals assemble given portions of what will eventually be a completed plane or missile.
As one output in their planning jobs, all assemblers must put together parts of finished products. Specific details of their jobs vary widely in terms of the products with which they deal and the industry in which they work. Assembling jobs in different industries range from those requiring a great deal of skill to others that can be learned in a few hours. Most assemblers are found in the aircraft industry, the automobile industry, and the electronics industry. Semiskilled assemblers work under close supervision and follow simple instructions to do what is essentially repetitive work. These assemblers use, as a rule; pliers, screw drivers, soldering irons, power drills, and wrenches. Electrical accessories assemblers put together mechanical parts of such electrical equipment as light sockets, switches, and plugs. They fit together, by hand, many small parts, such as plastic socket bases, shafts, contacts, springs, washers, and terminals, in a prearranged sequence by using a screwdriver. They test the operation of moving pats and remove faulty parts.
Part of the planning career of the precision assemblers, they put together items that, as the name implies, require great accuracy. Aerospace, electronics, and medical equipment industries all need machines that are extremely accurate. Precision assemblers build these machines. Meanwhile, a hand assembler in a paper goods factory fits together and secures fabricated parts of paper containers, such as spout-type salt containers or powder-puff boxes. Moreover, the hypodermic needle assembler drives hypodermic needles into needle hubs with a mallet to complete hypodermic needle assemblies and inspects assemblies for defects, such as bent or rough needles, incorrect length, bevel, or points on needles, and loosely fitted parts, by using gauges and hand tools. Other assemblers work in the jewelry, leather, tire, boat building, and many other industries.
Applicants for assembly jobs should have aptitude for mechanical work which is also necessary in their planner employment. They should be dependable and physically capable of doing the work assigned to them, and should be able to do routine work at a steady, rapid peace. Workers should also be able to learn the tasks required of them in a brief period of time. Assemblers must be careful in the performance of routine tasks and must be able to get along well with their fellow employees. Hand-eye coordination is also important. There are no special educational requirements for work as an assembler, but a high school education would prove valuable as means of advancing to a more responsible position as a skilled assembler. High-school courses in mechanical and industrial arts, including work in blueprint reading and electronic, should prove helpful. Some precision assembly jobs do have special requirements. For example, some assembly workers in the electronics industry are required to take tests for color blindness. This requirement is necessary because these workers deal with products containing a great many wires and other materials of different colors. Other assembly jobs have comparable requirements.
The most common method of gaining experience as an assembler is to accept a summer position in a factory that employs assemblers. Another means of gaining experience is to enroll in electronics courses or other courses in high school that require students to gain a knowledge in planning job, and of the manner in which certain products are constructed and assembled. Some people can gain high-level assembly skills in the armed forces. The least that an interested person can do is to visit a factory and watch assemblers at work.
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